Sunday, November 14, 2010

Lorikeet birds of Nauru. 2005

Page 63
On year 2004, Nauru Post has issued Birdlife stamp series in miniature sheet that feature Lorikeet birds, Dove birds, Long-legged birds. One of mentioned  has shown above consisted of 6 piece stamps which depicted Khul’s Lorikeet, Masked Shinning Parrot,  Crimson Shinning Parrot,  Blue Lorikeet, Henderson Lorikeet, Ultramarine Lorikeet.

Page 63aThe Kuhl's Lorikeet also called Rimatara Lorikeet, Kuhl’s Lori, is a species of lorikeet in the Psittcidae family. The Kuhl's Lorikeet is a fast flying lorikeet with size in 18 cm length, pointed tail. Other distinctive are mostly dark green above, crimson-red cheeks and underparts; dark purple patch on nape (of young birds only); Orange-red bill and dull orange feet. The Kuhl's Lorikeet's habitat is natural tropical moist lowland forests and plantations. The Kuhl's Lorikeet is a nectarivore, and has a brushy tongue to acquire the nectar. Their habitat in islands denuded of native forests and covered with extensive coconut plantations. This species qualifies as Endangered because it has a very small distribution and to be undergoing slow decline owing to predation by black rats. Population estimate 2,000 numbers.

Page 63b
The Masked Shining Parrot (Prosopeia personata) is a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family. The Masked Shining Parrot is endemic to Fiji and their natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist mountain, arable land, and rural gardens. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Page 63c
The Crimson Shining Parrot, Prosopeia splendens, is a common forest species that has recently taken to entering gardens and agricultural land. Pairs forage for seeds and fruits. The species is endemic to the islands of Kadavu and Ono in the Kadavu Group of Fiji. The Crimson Shining Parrot is a medium sized parrot (45 cm) with a long tail and bright plumage. The head, breast and belly are covered in bright crimson-red, its back; wings and tail are green with hints of blue in the wing. It has a long winged appearance in flight, flying with undulating bouts of flaps and gliding. The Crimson Shining Parrot considered to be vulnerable by the IUCN due to its restricted range, habitat loss and the illegal trade in parrots. The population estimated around 6,000 individuals.

Page 63d
The Blue Lorikeet, Vini peruviana, is also known as the Tahiti Lorikeet, Tahitian Lori, Blue Lori, and the Indigo Lori. Now this species found on 8 islands around Tahiti: Motu, Manuae, Tikehau, Rangiroa, Aratua, Kaukura, Apataki, Aitutaki, and possibly Harvey Island and Manihi. The Blue Lorikeet is a small lorikeet 18 cm long with a short rounded tail. Erectile feathers on the top of its head show light blue streaks. Its beak is orange and its irises are yellow-brown. It has orange legs. Adult males and females have identical external appearance. Its plumage is mainly dark blue and it has a white area over its upper chest, throat and lower face. TheBlue Lorikeets depend on coconut palms for nesting and some of its food, and will frequent cultivated areas. They also roost in palm trees, rising at dawn and calling and preening before feeding. They are usually found in small flocks of less than ten birds. They are active birds, feeding on nectar, insects and ground forage. The BlueLorikeets qualifies as Vulnerable because it is likely to continue to decline owing to the ongoing depredations of cats and particularly black rats. Population estimated 2,500-9,999 numbers.

Page 63e
The Henderson Lorikeet or Vini stepheni is red-and-green parakeet and have length of 18 cm to be included as a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family. The colour of body birds are dark green above shading to golden-yellow tip of tail and belt across chest green at sides, purple in centre. They have yellow colour of bill and eyes. The voice is a shrill screech. The Henderson Lorikeet occurs in native forest, showing a preference for forest edge and in coconut palms along beaches. It is a generalist feeder, consuming nectar, pollen and fruit from a wide variety of plants from beach-level to the plateau. The Henderson Lorikeet qualifies as Vulnerable as it is found only on one small island .In 1987, the total population was estimated at between 720 and 1,820 individuals and it is thought to be stable.

Page 63f
The Ultramarine Lorikeet, or Vini ultramarina is a species of parrot in the Psittacidae family, and has identification 18 cm in length , sharp-tailed, red colour of bill, eyes, and feet. The colour of forehead and upper part is light cerulean-blue and other colour of under part s and nape is dark navy-blue. The Cheeks, breast, and flanks heavily mottled with white. The voices are very high-pitched whistle and harsh screech. The Ultramarine Lorikeet is endemic to the Marquesas Islands, French Polynesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical moist mountains and plantations. The Ultramarine Lorikeet feeds on a wide variety of flowering trees on nectar and pollen, preferring flowers of the coconut palm, banana and native Hibiscus and fruit, especially mango; as well as on flowers, buds and insects. The Ultramarine Lorikeet is classified as Endangered and threatened mainly by introduction of the black rat and also by deforestation. The population estimated around 2500 individuals.

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